Summer leaves are a dark green with a high-gloss appearance, but the most spectacular part of this tree is the fall foliage with many shades of yellow, orange, bright red, purple or … Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. There are from one to three fruits together on a long slender stalk. Bark: Light reddish brown, deeply furrowed and scaly. And while modern tools and cutting edges can surmount this obstacle, even the sharpest ax and the most expertly wielded froe of … The Black Tupelo has gained attention for its attractive display of fall foliage. The range of swamp tupelo is limited to the Atlantic Coastal Plains and to estuaries from Maryland to Florida and along the Gulf of Mexico to southeastern Louisiana. ft., 39.59. The leaves are short-petioled and so have little individual motion, but the branches sway as a whole. The fruit is a black-blue, ovoid stone fruit, about 10 mm long with a thin, oily, bitter-to-sour tasting flesh and very popular with small bird species. The wood of Nyssa sylvatica is heavy, hard, cross-grained, and difficult to split, especially after drying. It also occurs locally in central and southern Mexico. Nyssa sylvatica grows in various uplands and in alluvial stream bottoms from southwestern Maine and New York, to extreme southern Ontario, central Michigan, Illinois, and central Missouri, south to southern Florida, eastern Texas, and eastern Oklahoma. This champion Black Tupelo of Texas made its debut on the National Register of Champion Trees in 2018. Inner scales enlarge with the growing shoot, becoming red before they fall. Sour Gum, Tupelo, Black Gum Basic Information. [5], On Martha's Vineyard, in Massachusetts, this species is called "beetlebung", perhaps for its use in making the mallet known as a beetle, used for hammering bungs (stoppers) into barrels.[6]. Its wood, which is very strong, was used in colonial times for water pipes. FYI: I receive a commission on sales generated through links to Amazon, eBay, etc. U.S.A. 4"x6"x14" Tupelo 171406 Tupelo or nyssa is a small genus consisting of 9 – 11 species. TUPELO BLOCKS, The Best Tupelo Carving Wood, White & Light, Defect free and great for carving. As the tree grows to 10 and 15-years-old, crown form becomes more uniform among trees. Wood1.com is the international website for the worldwide Wood Industry. Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1.0 m) trunk diameter, Average Dried Weight: 34 lbs/ft3 (545 kg/m3), Specific Gravity (Basic, 12% MC): .46, .55, Modulus of Rupture: 9,500 lbf/in2 (65.5 MPa), Elastic Modulus: 1,188,000 lbf/in2 (8.19 GPa), Crushing Strength: 5,470 lbf/in2 (37.7 MPa), Shrinkage: Radial: 5.1%, Tangential: 8.7%, Volumetric: 14.4%, T/R Ratio: 1.7. Pistil: Ovary inferior, one to two-celled; style stout, exserted, reflexed above the middle. The stem rises to the summit of the tree in one tapering unbroken shaft, the branches come out at right angles to the trunk and either extend horizontally or droop a little, making a long-narrow, cone-like head. The tree is best when grown in sheltered but not crowded positions, developing a pyramidal shape in youth, and spreading with age. (This is a monthly update, and your email will be kept private.). Tupelo is a favored wood for wildfowl carvings. Nyssa sylvatica's genus name, Nyssa, refers to a Greek water nymph;[3] the species epithet sylvatica refers to its woodland habitat. Not that black gum, or black tupelo as it is sometimes called, didn't yield good wood. Water Tupelo trees have tapered trunks that swell out to a larger base, giving it stability in wet soils and swamps. They have lustrous upper surfaces, with entire, often wavy margins. Petioles one-quarter to one-half an inch long, slender or stout, terete or margined, often red. Pages 12 & 26 "The Tie Guide 2nd edition (2016)" Prepared for the Railway Tie Association (RTA) by David A. Webb and Geoffrey V. Webb, Learn how and when to remove this template message, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-1.RLTS.T61990588A61990590.en, "Tupelo, Black gum, sour gum - Nyssa sylvatica", http://www.ldeo.columbia.edu/~adk/oldlisteast/#spp, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Source, Interactive Distribution Map for Nyssa sylvatica, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nyssa_sylvatica&oldid=1001405810, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Articles needing additional references from June 2010, All articles needing additional references, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. From shop WoodBogOakBlanks. It commonly grows in both the creek bottoms of the southern coastal plains, to altitudes of about 900 meters (3,000 feet) in the Southern Appalachians. i challenge the rot resistance you state. They are often dioecious so a male and female tree in proximity is required to set seed, however, many trees are also polygamo-dioecious, which means they have both male and female flowers on the same tree. Black Tupelo Tupelo Amount of Figure Intermediate Tupelo Amount of Natural Luster Low Tupelo Availability of Wood Adequate Tupelo Available As Lumber Yes Tupelo Available as Veneer No Tupelo Available only in small sizes No Tupelo Bending Strength Moderate Tupelo Blunting of Tool Blades Moderate Tupelo Botanical Name Nyssa aquatica, sylvatica Tupelo Carving Average to somewhat … Sometimes commonly called black tupelo. Stone more or less ridged. Because of this, it is fairly uncommon in cultivation and the nursery trade. It grows in woods and moist areas from Maine southward to the Gulf Coast and westward to Oklahoma. Deer are extremely fond of the leaves on seedlings and saplings, to the point where large populations of them can make establishment of the tree almost impossible. Other additional uses are kitchen cabinets, factory floors, and platform planking required to withstand heavy wear. [9], Nyssa sylvatica is found in a variety of upland and wetland habitats in its extensive range. Copyright © 2008-2021 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved. Nyssa sylvatica, Black Tupelo leaves and unripe fruits (Photo By: Richard Webb / bugwood.org) Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) , also called black gum tree is a North Eastern American native tree producing edible fruit in the fall. Account & Lists ... BLACK+DECKER; 3M; Brita; Amazon; Command; See more. They come out of the bud conduplicate, coated beneath with rusty tomentum, when full grown are thick, dark green, very shining above, pale and often hairy beneath. [3], In Appalachia, the frequent variant is Nyssa sylvatica var. The companies are divided into suppliers for Tupelo Beams, Tupelo Logs, Tupelo Plywoods, Tupelo Poles, Tupelo Wood Chips and more. The wood of the black gum has fibers not only interwoven but twisted to boot. My house has all gumwood flooring. All competition grade! Comments: The name tupelo is of Native American origin, coming from the Muskogee words ito (tree) and opilwa (swamp). Black Gum is one of the most elegant trees of the North American lowlands. The fruit is quite marked, dark blue, in clusters of two or three. Nyssa sylvatica is found in a wide range of climates, due to its extensive distribution. [8] Optimum development is made on lower slopes and terraces in the Southeastern United States. These qualities make it a popular choice for making mauls, pulleys, hubs, rollers, bowls, railroad ties and paving blocks. The leaves of this species are variable in size and shape. Allergies/Toxicity: Besides the standard health risks associated with any type of wood dust, no further health reactions have been associated with Black Tupelo. Interpreting Wetland Status. The trunks often die from the top, giving its crown a scraggly appearance. It is the longest living non-clonal flowering plant in Eastern North America, capable of obtaining ages of over 650 years.[11]. The black tupelo is usually found on light soils of uplands and stream bottoms. Following pollination, greenish flowers appearing in late spring develop into purple berries. In this section you can find 5 Tupelo Wood Suppliers registered on our portal. It is the largest known tree of its species in the country as reported to American Forests. The flowers are very small, in greenish-white in clusters at the top of a long stalk and a rich source or nectar for bees. Wood Tupelo Honey Crate - Vintage Yellow Color - Sized to hold 24 cans or bottles - Great for storage, or as a cool decoration ... Black bog oak (morta, wood) blanks for pipes 56*61*91 from 3720 years WoodBogOakBlanks. The species occurs 35 different forest cover types. 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