Henry van de Velde - Architectuul. Images are courtesy of www.vandevelde2013.de. The centrepiece is a long table, prepared for … Together with Victor Horta and Paul Hankar he could be considered as one of the main founders and representatives of Art Nouveau in Belgium. Henry van de Velde found some refuge for his ideals in Arts & Crafts, but in accepting the value of mass production he was at odds with the fundamental beliefs of its founder. “A feeling of restlessness and lack of satisfaction dominated us so generally around 1890,” wrote Henry van de Velde in his Kunstgewerbliche Laienpredigten (published in German in 1902). Other impressive Weimar buildings include Van de Velde’s house Hohe Pappeln (1907/1908), the Dürckheim villa (1912/1913) and the Henneberg villa (1913/1914). There, influenced by the philosophy of William Morris and the Arts and Crafts Movement, he reorganized the Kunstgewerbeschule (Arts-and-Crafts School) and the academy of fine art and thus laid the foundations for Walter Gropius’ amalgamation of the two bodies into the Bauhaus in 1919. Trained at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts Antwerp, he began his career as a painter before turning to the decorative arts and architecture in his 30s. Despite official appointments in Belgium, van de Velde after 1918 made no further contributions to architecture or design. Born the son of an apothecary in Antwerp in 1863, Henry van de Velde studied painting at the Antwerp Académie des Beaux-Arts from 1881 until 1884. The stunning Art Nouveau buildings he designed still exist in Germany’s Thuringer and Saxony region. In each he adhered to the principal of exposing the interiors to natural light with large windows that brought nature inside. A beautiful example of this is his house in Weimar, Hohe Papplin Haus, with its stunning sky jutting angles. Omissions? biographie. He has 2 children Nele van de Velde, Thylbert van de Velde. Noted architect Henry van de Velde (1863-1957) designed gorgeous, modern buildings and interiors in his now famous Art Nouveau style. Van de Velde is the most international artist of the Art Nouveau movement and one of the major. During the time that Van de Velde was director of the school, 1902 to 1917, he designed several houses in Thuringer and Saxony. What Van de Velde was to Art Nouveau architecture Walter Gropius was to Bauhaus. Another is the airy interior he designed for the Nietzsche Archives that houses the papers of noted German philosopher Frederick Nietzsche. He was one of the first modern architects to develop the theory "form follows function". Today the villa houses a museum that presents Van de Velde’s work in an unparalleled fashion. Architects, Architecture Antwerpen 1863 - Zürich 1957 The Belgian architect and designer Henry van de Velde is a leading exponent of both "Jugendstil" and "New Objectivity". In celebration of Henry van de Velde’s 150th birthday events and exhibits will be take place in Thuringer and Saxony throughout the year. Henry van de Velde is a belgian artist, architect and interior designer who is considered one of the founders of the Art Nouveau style. This practical principle also informs the present piece, which the artist modified in details as commissioned. “Just as in the work of Victor Horta or Henry van de Velde, for example, form and content must align perfectly, and form is inspired by function. This building is also listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Another Art Nouveau great Henry Van de Velde. The resulting crisis of artistic meaning caused him to abandon his career as a painter around 1893/1894 and turn to architecture and applied art. Influencé par la peinture Monet, de Renoir et van Gogh, Il est entré en 1889 au groupe d'avant-garde Les XX (Les vents) et peints sur les lignes du Néo-impressionnisme Français. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. House "Bloemenwerf" in Ukkel (1895) Kunstgewerbeschule Weimar (1907) Deutsche Werkbund Theatre in Köln (1914) Henry Clemens van de Velde ([ɑ̃ˈri vɑndəˈvɛldə]; 3 April 1863 – 25 October 1957) was a Belgian painter, architect and interior designer. Henry van de Velde (1863–1957) is a pivotal figure in the history of modern design. Henry Van De Velde was born in Antwerp, Belgium in 1863. Henry van de Velde, in full Henry Clemens Van De Velde, (born April 3, 1863, Antwerp, Belg.—died Oct. 25, 1957, Zürich, Switz. Henry van de Velde Belgian The design of this chair goes back to van de Velde’s groundbreaking demonstration of his “new style,” which he presented to the public at Bloemenwerf, the home he designed and built for himself in 1895 in the Brussels suburb of Uccles. His radical ideas on design education were absorbed into the Bauhaus. Refusing to bend to the process of historical patterns, which he thought were banal and hideous, he put his Art Nouveau mark on everything; buildings, furnishings, china, wallpapers, and even draperies. Henry van de Velde was born in Antwerp in 1863 and died near Zürich at the age of 94; he worked almost to the end of his days. A wolf in sheep’s clothing: designed by Henry van de Velde, Hôtel Wolfers is frozen in a state of ruin, an artwork in its own right Conspicuous in a genteel southern suburb of mild-mannered 19th-century townhouses in Brussels, the round-cornered, Roman-bricked Hôtel Wolfers was designed in 1929 by Henry van de Velde. Henry Clemens Van de Velde was a Belgian painter, architect, interior designer, and art theorist. Van de Velde designed the furnishings to match the shape of the room. ), Belgian architect and teacher who ranks with his compatriot Victor Horta as an originator of the Art Nouveau style, characterized by long sinuous lines derived from naturalistic forms. They collaborated on a number of projects together, including designing wallpapers and femal… Fonds Henry van de Velde, ENSAV La Cambre. A friend of the architect described the house as looking from the outside: small, solid and organic, like a plant growing out of the soil, and with its many angles it certainly does have something of the picturesque. Together with Victor Horta and Paul Hankar he could be considered as one of the main founders and representatives of Art Nouveau in Belgium. Kessler, a museum director, Elisabeth Förster-Nietzsche, sister of the philosopher, and Van de Velde, artist and architect, were part of the »New Weimar« movement, which pursued a vision of modern man as expressed in the medium of art. ), Belgian architect and teacher who ranks with his compatriot Note the bowed out large windows, very Art Nouveau in design, that let in an abundance of natural light. Together with Victor Horta and Paul Hankar, he is considered one of the founders of Art Nouveau in Belgium. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Van de Velde and two other Belgian architects, Victor Horta and Paul Hankar were the founders of Art Nouveau, or, Jugendstil architecture as it is called in Germany. Henry van de Velde came to Weimar from Belgium in 1902 at the initiative of Harry Graf Kessler. The Belgian architect,artist and designer Henry van de Velde is a leading exponent of both "Jugendstil" and "New Objectivity". The precise location of an object in a space is important from both a functional and an aesthetic standpoint. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The main building of Bauhaus University. Hendy van de Velde's house, Hohe Papplin Haus in Weimar. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Henry Clement van de Velde, après avoir assisté à la 1881 un 1884 l'académie Anvers et après 'expérience symboliste à Paris (1884-1885), a commencé ses activités en Bruxelles. The design and installation of large windows provided the students with natural light. By designing furniture and interiors for the Paris art galleries of Samuel Bing in 1896, van de Velde was responsible for bringing the Art Nouveau style to Paris. Image source: https://www.dw.com. For information click here. May 6, 2016 - Henry Clemens van de Velde (1863 – 1957) was a Belgian painter, architect and interior designer. Noted architect Henry van de Velde (1863-1957) designed gorgeous, modern buildings and interiors in his now famous Art Nouveau style. But there’s significance in this, too, as Henry and Maria van de Velde were passionate about being outside and in their garden. Henry van de Velde, in full Henry Clemens Van De Velde, (born April 3, 1863, Antwerp, Belg.—died Oct. 25, 1957, Zürich, Switz. In 1902 the Grand Duke of Weimar contracted Van de Velde to design two buildings for his School of Art and Applied Arts, now Bauhaus University. Designed by Henry van de Velde in 1904 when it was the School of Art and Applied Arts. A valuable extract from his Memoirs (1891–1901) was published in the Architectural Review, 112:143–148 (September 1952). His range was prodigious: from furniture, jewellery and dress design to interiors and entire buildings. His fiancee is Maria Sèthe (m. 1894–1943). He died on October 25, 1957, Oberägeri, Switzerland. One of his most important commissions came in 1895 when he designed the interiors and furniture for the famed Maison de l’Art Nouveau in Paris. https://www.architectural-review.com/.../henry-van-de-velde-1863-1957 He took particular care to arc the building to give the inside a cavernous effect. They are now listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites. After this important creative period, Henry van de Velde left Weimar and worked as an architect in Belgium, the Netherlands and Switzerland. ), Belgian architect and teacher who ranks with his compatriot Victor Horta as an originator of the Art Nouveau style, characterized by long sinuous lines derived from naturalistic forms. Influenced by his admiration for Rusking, Morris and Voysey, he redirected his efforts as a designer. Like the progressive German designers at the time, van de Velde was connected with the Deutscher Werkbund, and he designed the theatre for the Werkbund Exposition in Cologne in 1914. This villa, which is named Bloemenwerf, meaning courtyard of flowers, was Henry Van de Velde’s first creation as an architect. Henry van de Velde was born on April 3, 1863 (age 157 years) in Belgium. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. He was one of the first modern architects to exclusively favor the "form follows function" theory in architecture. In 1901 Van de Velde was invited to Weimar as consultant to the craft industries of the Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar. Henry van de Velde, in full Henry Clemens Van De Velde, (born April 3, 1863, Antwerp, Belg.—died Oct. 25, 1957, Zürich, Switz. Henry van de Velde – Passion, Function, Beauty is a treasure trove of objets d’art you’d dream of having in your own home. Van de Velde Henry Clemens, known as Henry Van de Velde, was born in Belgium, in Antwerp, in 1863 and died in Switzerland in 1957. Van de Velde’s most vital contributions to modern design were made as a teacher in Germany, where his name became known through the exhibition of furnished interiors at Dresden in 1897. As a student Vincent Van Duysen already considered architecture in a wider context. In many ways, Art Nouveau was an ineffectual movement; neither capable of making great changes in the artistic landscape nor capable of moving those that appreciated it. Corrections? The press conference will be held at the Neues Museum Weimar in commemoration of the 150 th anniversary of the Belgian architect and designer Henry van de Velde. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Henry-van-de-Velde, Goethe Institut - Biography of Henry van de Velde, Henry Van de Velde - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Born in Antwerpen, he started as a painter influenced by He built his first house for himself in Brussels("Bloemenwerf"). It was from these that the Bauhaus style of architecture emerged. The Schulenburg Mansion in Gera embodies nascent modernism in Europe. The building is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. This assignment was very controversial because of the foreign nationality of van de Velde. After starting his career as a painter in Belgium, Van de Velde turned to architecture and design after becoming enamored with the works of William Morris and John Ruskin of the Arts and Crafts Movement (1860-1910). Built between 1913 and 1915, it was designed by Belgian architect Henry van de Velde as a Gesamtkunstwerk, a total work of art. Be the first to see our latest home tours, design news, and more. artist, architect and designer henry van de velde (1963-1957) was a pioneer of jugenstil (art nouveau) and co-founder of the german werkbund in 1907. he lived for many years in switzerland, and after his death the kunstgewerbemuseum zürich honoured him with an exhibition. He designed it in close collaboration with his wife, Maria Sèthe. Updates? In 1902 he went to Weimar as artistic adviser to the grand duke of Saxe-Weimar. © 2021 Dwell Life, Inc. All rights reserved. L'art nouveau design was meant reflect nature like the extension of a flower from it's base and leaves. It was he who recommended to the Grand Duke that Walter Gropius be appointed his successor as superintendent of the School of Art and Applied Arts. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Henry Van de Velde. Graphite on paper. But the scheme foundered on clashes between Kessler and Förster and outrage at raising support outside Germany. Born the son of an apothecary in Antwerp in 1863, Henry van de Velde studied painting at the … Henry van de Velde's numerous multi-purpose drawing-room, tea and occasional table models were designed to meet the needs of his clients as well as those of his own household. Van De Veldes work was very organic in it's flow which reflects the artist that he was. The son of a wealthy chemist, he initially studied painting. His meeting with Maria Sèthe, his future wife, was instrumental in this change. ‘Henry van de Velde: the Artist as Designer’ by Richard Hollis (Occasional Papers, 268pp, £20) ‘Pivotal’ is an apt descriptor for Henry van de Velde (1863-1957), the prolific Belgian designer whose life spanned the decades of seismic change between Delacroix’s death and Ai Weiwei’s birth. In the late 19th century Flemish architect Henry van de Velde was the frontrunner for Art Nouveau architecture. Van de Velde, who wanted the house to be functional and rational, drew inspiration from the architecture of … In 1913, the Deutscher Werkbund charges Henry van de Velde, architect, industrial designer and Belgian painter, construction of a theater for the 1914 Werkbund Exhibition in Cologne, Germany. With the outbreak of World War I Van de Velde was forced to return to his native Belgium. Van de Velde was the director there from 1902 - 1917. 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