No book of the Old Testament presents a portrait of Christ that is as complete and comprehensive as does Isaiah. These suggestions attempt to eliminate the supernatural element necessary for predictive prophecy. When it really comes down to it, who can measure the impact a butterfly’s wings will have? Jesus called him the greatest that was ever born of a woman (save Himself of course) in Mathew 11:11. Jonah 3:4). “See, I have appointed you this day over the nations and over the kingdoms, To pluck up and to break down, To destroy and to overthrow, To build and to plant.”. His prophetic ministry began in 626 B.C. Daniel answered and said, “Let the name of God be blessed forever and ever, For wisdom and power belong to Him. Conquered captives faced an orgy of agony that included tortures such as being skinned alive, impalement and dismemberment. (Ezek. A number of them could take home the prize, but here are a few that would make just about everyone’s shortlist. Learn more at Biography.com. Prophecies to the Gentiles (46:1-51:64), B. Prophecies Against the Philistines (47:1-7), F. Prophecies Against Damascus (49:23-27), I. Prophecies Against Babylon (50:1-51:64). 40-66. Present Judgments on Jerusalem and Judah (4:1-24:27), A. The theme of Daniel is God’s sovereign power as the one true God, who judges and destroys the rebellious world powers and will faithfully deliver His covenant people according to their steadfast faith in Him. Prophecies of Comfort or Consolation (40:1-66:24), A. Prophecies of Israel’s Deliverance and the Greatness of God (40:1-48:22), B. Prophecy of Israel’s Deliverer; the Salvation of the Suffering Servant (49:1-57:21), C. Prophecies of Israel’s Glorious Future; God’s Program for Peace (58:1-66:24). As hinted earlier, an aura of conflict surrounded Jeremiah almost from the beginning. The verse quoted is an hexameter, written by the famous Epimenides, of Gnossus, in Crete. The Fiery Furnace: A Lesson in Faith (3:1-30), C. Nebuchadnezzar’s Vision of the Great Tree (4:1-37), D. Belshazzar’s Feast and the Handwriting on the Wall (5:1-31), E. Darius’ Foolish Decree or Daniel in the Lion’s Den (6:1-28), F. Daniel’s Vision of the Four Beasts (7:1-28), III. I remember as a young believer how excited I would get whenever a famous preacher, or a known prophet … The Visit of the Wise Men. I. Prophecies of Denunciation and Judgment (1:1-39:8), 2. The key person throughout is of course Jeremiah, his preaching, resistance, and persecution. They would also never have gone through the Exodus. Jezebel, identified in the Old Testament as the wife of King Ahab, is remembered as cunning, evil and whorish. There will be no end to the increase of His government or of peace, On the throne of David and over his kingdom, To establish it and to uphold it with justice and righteousness From then on and forevermore. NET Bible Now there were these prophets and teachers in the church at Antioch: Barnabas, Simeon called Niger, Lucius the Cyrenian, Manaen (a close friend of Herod the tetrarch from childhood) and Saul. (Isa. 7:14. 1:5, 9-10; 2:1-2), The whole house of Israel Alleged historical inaccuracies are fast disappearing, especially with the information provided by the Nabonidus Chronicle as to the identity of Belshazzar (5:1) and with evidence that identifies Darius the Mede with a governor named Gubaru (5:31). 2. 34 “And the desolate land will be cultivated instead of being a desolation in the sight of everyone who passed by. Several of the most famous prophets of the Bible revealed important aspects of the future to their intended audiences. Twenty-four is another important chapter because it prophecies the Babylonian captivity which will last for seventy years. This was followed with division in the nation (1 Kings 11 -22) into the northern 10 tribes and the southern tribes of Judah and Benjamin. Another early designation of similar etymology was a hozeh “one who sees supernaturally” (II Samuel 24:11). The Personal History of Daniel (1:1-21), II. “Then I will sprinkle clean water on you, and you will be clean; I will cleanse you from all your filthiness and from all your idols. Moreover, in John 12:38-41, quotations from Isaiah 6:9-10 and 53:1 appear together, and both are ascribed to the Isaiah who saw the Lord in the Temple vision of chap. One of the greatest prophetic chapters in the Bible is Daniel 9, the prophecy of the ‘seventy weeks’ determined for Israel (9:24-27). His story certainly gets more attention than most. Other important persons are Nebuchadnezzar, King of Babylon in 605 B.C., Darius who succeeded Belshazzar as king, Cyrus, the Persian monarch, and Michael, the archangel who ministered to Daniel in chapter 10. 2, p. 544. This would have meant that there was no return to the Promised Land, no Israelite kingdom and no New Testament. John 4:14), the balm of Gilead (8:22), the Good Shepherd (23:4), a Righteous Branch (23:5), and the Lord our Righteousness (23:6). • John 6:35. Pioneer Day to Mormons. Behold, I do not know how to speak, Because I am a youth.” But the Lord said to me, “Do not say, ‘I am a youth,’ Because everywhere I send you, you shall go, And all that I command you, you shall speak. Though the words “king” and “kingdom” occur over and over again, the key idea is the plan of God for Israel which will end in the establishment of God’s Messiah King as ruler on the earth. His message was to the Jewish people and what was going to happen to them at the hand … What is known of Ezekiel is derived entirely from the book of Ezekiel itself. Without him, there would not have been a story at all. I prayed until the candles flickered. As the book clearly declares, the author is Isaiah, the son of Amoz, an apparently influential and distinguished Jewish family. Christ, the Messiah, is pictured as a tender sprig that will be planted on a high and lofty mountain (17:23-24), a picture similar to that of the Branch in Isaiah (11:1), in Jeremiah (23:5; 33:15), and in Zechariah (3:8: 6:12). As God’s spokesman, their message can be seen in a three-fold function they had among the people of God in the Old Testament: First, they functioned as preachers who expounded and interpreted the Mosaic law to the nation. 2:3-6; 3:4-10, 17), Israel and Gentile Nations Now the word of the Lord came to me saying, “Before I formed you in the womb I knew you, And before you were born I consecrated you; I have appointed you a prophet to the nations.” Then I said, “Alas, Lord God! He was oppressed and He was afflicted, Yet He did not open His mouth; Like a lamb that is led to slaughter, And like a sheep that is silent before its shearers, So He did not open His mouth. The prophets in Israel occupied the role of a royal diplomat or prosecuting attorney, indicting the nation for violations of the Mosaic covenant.53, Jews captive in Babylon and Gentile kings, Judah and Jerusalem Heb 11:37). Several of the most famous prophets of the Bible revealed important aspects of the future to their intended audiences. Biography of Elijah, Old Testament Prophet. and continued through the reigns of Jotham (739-731 B.C. 11:37). Ezekiel’s focus is on condemnation (1-32) for Israel’s sin and consolation (33-48) in view of what God will do in the future. The Apostle John was a prophet in the New Testament. 227-228. Also, the Qumran documents (Dead Sea Scrolls), dated only a few decades before the alleged second-century writing of Daniel, show grammatical differences that indicate they were written centuries, not decades, after Daniel. The book is named after its author. Despite her reputation, there's more to her story. 2:44. He lives somewhat outside of society but remains deeply respected by so many people that he cannot truly be considered an outsider. The author of Lamentations is unnamed in the book, but two lines of evidence favor Jeremiah as the author. The prophet Jeremiah was active in the final years of the Kingdom of Judah prior to the Babylonian conquest. “The LORD is my portion,” says my soul, “Therefore I have hope in Him.”. Sign up for Beliefnet's Bible Reading newsletter. b. The Resentful Prophets. The Bible names many prophets, but some of the most significant prophets … His ministry as a prophet demonstrates a priestly focus with his concern for the temple, priesthood, sacrifices, and the shekinah glory of God. ‘Thus says the Lord GOD, “On the day that I cleanse you from all your iniquities, I will cause the cities to be inhabited, and the waste places will be rebuilt. “Moreover, I will give you a new heart and put a new spirit within you; and I will remove the heart of stone from your flesh and give you a heart of flesh. On the other hand, foretelling entailed foresight into the plan of God; it was predictive, either encouraging the righteous in view of God’s promises or warning in view of coming judgment. And in the days of those kings the God of heaven will set up a kingdom which will never be destroyed, and that kingdom will not be left for another people; it will crush and put an end to all these kingdoms, but it will itself endure forever. A Lasting Legacy: Choosing A Wife For Isaac (Gen. 24:1-67). Since he records the death of Sennacherib in Isa. As just mentioned, Isaiah’s name provides the theme of the book, “salvation is of Yahweh.” This is most evident by the fact the term “salvation” occurs some twenty-six times in Isaiah but only seven time in all the other prophets combined. Without Moses, none of this would have occurred. Then chapter 23 is key in that it gives the prophecy of the Messiah, the righteous branch who is seen in contrast to the wicked shepherds and lying prophets described in this same chapter. Thus the prophet appeals to the chastened nation that they recognize God was just and righteous in His dealings with them, and that they cast themselves upon His mercy in a spirit of repentance. Deut. by Nebuchadnezzar. Though there were many prophets, Elijah was known as the greatest of God’s prophets. Most of them also happen to be quite important to the overall story. Joseph, son of Israel, is no different. Definition of Prophet 1. a person who speaks for god or a deity, or by divine inspiration. The deviration of this word is a matter of controversy, but the essential idea in the word is that of an authorized spokesman. In addition, Jeremiah is connected with this type of literature in 2 Chronicles 35:25). 53 Carl Laney, Bibliotheca Sacra, Oct.-Dec. 1981, p. 315-316. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will accomplish this. The Righteous Branch will indeed reign on the throne of David.64, I. Jeremiah’s Call and Commission (1:1-19), B. His last dated oracle was received in about 571. In some respects, Isaiah is a miniature Bible. Some of the famous miracles of the Bible are found in Daniel such as The Fiery Furnace, The Handwriting on the Wall, and Daniel in the Lion's Den. The prophets here, however, are not limited simply to those who have books named after them. His ministry was immediately preceded by that of Zephaniah. Q. Much dispute has arisen over the authorship of chaps. Without Abraham, the original covenant would not exist. The issue here is one person speaking for another. 36:24-30. Woe to Assyria, the Spoiler of Jerusalem (33:1-24), E. Prophecies Against Sennacherib (36:1-39:8), II. The Prophetic Plan for the Gentile Nations (2:1-7:28), A. Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream of the Great Image (2:1-49), B. Then further preparation for Christ was given in the Historical Books by giving the nation the Land of Israel for their possession (Joshua). Chapters 1-39 speak of man’s great need of salvation while chapters 40-66 reveal God’s provision of Salvation in Messiah and His kingdom. According to the Bible … Judah’s last hour in view of backsliding and unfaithfulness. Without Joseph, the Bible only would be one book long. Chapters 1-24 were written before the fall of Jerusalem to remind his fellow captives that God’s judgment on the city and Temple was surely coming. áe‚ka‚ (“How … !”), the first word found in 1:1, 2:1; and 4:1. ), and Hezekiah (715-686 B.C.). The Hebrew title of the book is Two themes are prominent: warnings of God’s judgment against sin are prominent throughout the book, but with that there was also the message of hope and restoration if the nation would genuinely repent. Here is a sampling of Biblical prophets just to remind you what they sound like: “Hear this, you who trample the needy and destroy the poor of the land!” Amos the prophet … Jeremiah is often called the “weeping prophet” (9:1; 13:17) or the “prophet of loneliness” perhaps because he was commanded not to marry (16:2). 3:17). B. date for the composition of the book came from Porphyry (A.D. 232- 303), a vigorous opponent of Christianity, who maintained that the book was written by an unknown Jew who lived at the time of Antiochus Epiphanes (175-163 B.C.). Elisha went everywhere with Elijah, and served him loyally. For it is based upon a rock. Luke 3:23-38 traces Christ’s lineage backward from Mary (His physical parent) through David’s other son Nathan (Luke 3:31), thereby avoiding the curse. “Jerusalem! As such, it is difficult to say for certain who had the greatest impact. Moses is arguably the best known character from the Old Testament. Though he did not occupy the office of a prophet, Christ identified him as a prophet (Matt. Stabilization was given to the nation under king Saul (1 Samuel), then expansion under king David (2 Samuel), and glorification of the nation under Solomon’s reign (1 Kings 1-10). Concerning the various viewpoints of the critics, Ryrie writes. 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